Thus wrote Filmindia

She acts well only above the shoulders, especially in pathetic situations. But in the dance sequences her deformed back and squeezed up figure without any grace or contours become repulsive.”

This, describing Nargis’ performance in Aag (1948), was part of a typical review one found in Filmindia, a popular movie magazine of its time that was owned by Baburao Patel, famous Publisher, Editor, Film Critic, Filmmaker, Writer and Rajya Sabha member.

Patel launched Filmindia on his 31st birthday in 1935. The magazine was known for its style of writing, in particular, its harsh and merciless critiques of films. Hugely popular, it is said Patel’s reviews could make or break careers. Quoting Dev Anand, “He made and unmade stars. He established or destroyed a film with just a stroke of his pen. That much power he wielded then.”

Another area of close scrutiny in Filmindia was the female anatomy with various issues having a two-page spread of a scantily clad Venus Bannerjee demonstrating exercises for better breasts and buttocks among other things! Kalpana Kartik was referred to as a pigeon-chested heroine, Naseem Banu was chastised for having ball-bearing breasts, Mala Sinha was attacked for her ‘potato face’, Suraiya had to bear the insult of being called one of the Hindi screen’s ugly ducklings besides being told told her nostrils were repulsive while Noor Jehan’s face was descibed as looking aged, having seen two World Wars. The review of Bahut Din Huye (1954) says, “Savithri as Mohini cannot help being noticed because of her ample proportions. She has some oomph and looks juicy in parts!”

It is easy to see why actors and filmmakers dreaded Mr Patel. For instance, in his review of Baazi (1951), he says, “And if you forget the unholy mess the director (Guru Dutt) and those two new girls (Roopa Verman and Kalpana Kartik) make, Baazi can be seen for its beautiful bits.” In Bimal Roy’s Devdas (1955), for all her fine work as Chandramukhi, Vyjayanthimala was assessed as having made an emotional mess of the role while in Awaaz (1956), Mr Patel declared Rajendra Kumar looks stupid and acts stupid. The reasons? He looks stupid because he tries to look like Dilip Kumar and acts stupid because he tries to act like Dilip Kumar! For the same film, Usha Kiron’s acting talents were described as decreasing in proportion to the increase in her bulk.

Here are some more gems from the Filmindia reviews, which make for some extremely entertaining reading today…

Shree 420 (1955)
It is a pathetic piece of confusion, a sight of empty vessel making most noise, a spectacle of half-baked knowledge emitting odious odour, a sight of limited imagination fluttering gawkily in the wind. And when all is seen and heard, Shree 420 strikes one merely as to put it in the old words of the bard of Avon, “a tale told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, signifying nothing.”

CID (1956)
CID is not merely an unpleasant crime tale. It is a stupid crime tale. It is thin as air and as unconvincing as a Russian prisoner’s confession.

Chandrakanta (1956)
Sippy Films Chandrakanta is another insipid costume picture, clumsily produced, stupidly directed and crammed with boredom. It makes one regret the money and time spent in seeing it and it makes one feel sorry for the money and material wasted in its production – money and material which could have been utilized for a better purpose than for turning out a trash on celluloid.

Sailaab (1956)
Boring, stupid and incoherent – that is Sailaab in three words. It is a picture made without imagination and without any thoughts of mercy to the spectator. As an entertainment it is miserably amateurish but as a torture it is perfect.

Shrimati 420 (1956)
In short, Shrimati 420 is one of the most stupid pictures ever produced. It is not only concentrated nonsense but the carrier of an empty-headed, anti-social philosophy.

Baarish (1957)
Besides showing racketeering and deadly duels, it shows Nutan baring a nice shoulder and Dev Anand a little hairy chest and them rubbing cheeks with each other and bringing to the tropical picturegoers of India some easy lessons in air-conditioned romance.

Chalbaaz (1958)
Even in looks the picture is quite poor. The sets are cheap and crude. The photography is erratic. The sound recording is generally incompetent. The dialogue is lethally dull. The lyrics are just commonplace. The music is nothing to sing about. The direction cannot be accused of any skill, intelligence or imagination. From the performers, Tiger the dog, gives the best performance in the picture.

Kaagaz ke Phool (1959)
Guru Dutt Films’ Kaagaz ke Phool is a dismal incoherent funeral-paced picture which has hardly anything more remarkable about it than that it is the first Indian picture to be made in cinemascope, a process designed to provide an image that has more than twice as much width as height and to which squint-eyed spectators can perhaps do more justice than those with normal eyes.

Miya Bibi Razi (1960)
Stupid writing, clumsy direction and generally pedestrian performances drag the picture deep down into the squalid gutter of sloppy filmmaking. It is, in short, a picture which seems to be capable more of killing the picturegoer than his time.

And, undoubtedly, the icing on the cake…

Navrang (1959): Mental Masturbation of a Senile Soul!
With all the colour it splashes, Navrang is a colourless affair. It tells a story, of a sort, but conveys no theme. It tries to weave a fantasy but manages only a fancy-dress show. It flirts with some vague history and turns it into farce. It toys with patriotic sentiments and reduces it to sour pantomime. It promises to tell about an inspiring poet and to provide glimpses into his inspiration and a taste of his poetry and imagery. Instead it tells about an effeminate creature who looks like a street-singer and produces relentlessly pedestrian verses that might have been written by a third-rate film lyricist’s ex-cook.

But that is not say Filmindia detested all films. Sometimes the reviews were lavish in their praise as well. For instance, reviewing Ray’s masterpiece Pather Panchali (1955), the magazine noted, “It demands attention because it is truly a work of art, a picture of great lyrical charm and intense poetic power. It is a picture, which shows how celluloid can be moulded into a thing of art and beauty, how it can be made to yield poetry and emotion. Pather Panchali is a fascinating result of a creative conspiracy between a highly imaginative and sensitive director and an intensely honest and conscientious camera.”

Describing New Delhi (1956), it conceded, “New Delhi, Mohan Segal’s maiden effort in production and his third attempt in direction is a picture, which is entertaining, enlightening, purposeful and topical – all at once. In our sorry industry it is indeed an unusual feat and its young producer-director therefore draws all praise for making an intelligent effort to entertain through the usually abused film medium.”

Filmindia continued to be published till 1961 after which Patel launched Mother India, which continued with film reviews but which had far more political overtones.

Filmindia 2

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  1. Or he might have had a field day, Batul. Surely our films of today would have given him enough ammunition, don’t you think?! Would love to have seen him take on Om Shanti Om, Saawariya, KANK or Drona!

  2. Would love to get my hands on the archives of both magazines. He is so delightfully vicious, and makes such out-of-the-box comparisons. Wonder what he would have made of the films now, perhaps just quit.

  3. Gosh…laughed so much. Was this chap for real? I mean…what fun it musta been reading his reviews!
    Funeral-paced picture, ball-bearing boobs, potato face, stupid direction…hahaha….

  4. Charu, he was actually taken very seriously.

    One of his other brilliant comments was on the Rehana-Manhar Desai starrer Hazar Raaten (1953), which according to him, gave you a thousand nightmares!

  5. Acerbic, funny, brutally honest and delightfully sexist … what more can one ask of a film critic although one may not agree with him all the time…

  6. i would agree with his comments on vyjayantimala, mala sinha and rajendra kumar. and a very over-rated raj kapoor. haven’t seen guru dutt’s ‘sailaab’. will reserve my comments on that.

  7. Oh! like Batul, how I would love to be able to leaf through those old magazines.

    Between Baburao Patel and Sadat Hasan Manto there’s no finer film journalism anywhere! 🙂

  8. The National Film Archives of India (NFAI), Pune’s library has all the Filmindias and Mother Indias as well as all the old Filmfare issues amongst various other publications down the years.

  9. Rina,
    Baburao’s reviews towards Guru Dutt’s films were by and large always unduly harsh. For instance, Pyaasa was called a confused product of a confused mind. The only Guru Dutt films he gave positive reviews to were Chaudvin ka Chand and Sahib Bibi aur Ghulam, which are ‘not directed’ by Guru Dutt but officially by M Sadiq and Abrar Alvi respectively.

    But yeah, he makes for real good and entertaining reading, doesn’t he? Love his comments, digs and particularly his attacks on the physical ‘deformities’ of the stars!

    1. Hi Karan,

      Thank you for sharing your article with all of us!

      Personally, I’ve been intrigued by the personality of Baburao Patel; certainly, he exercised immense influence within the Bombay Film Industry, but I have a feeling that his reviews were often glistened with bias, and when I say that, I mean his personal rivalry with V. Shantaram reflected in the pages of FilmIndia, while his friendship with Mehboob Khan drew the latter extravagant praise across the magazine, in all issues. I’m not sure about the equation he shared with Guru Dutt, though I don’t really think they met often (considering that Dutt Sahab wasn’t really comfortable with journalists and media-people, as his biographers have often mentioned), but I’m not sure what was the source of such animosity through which Patel often viewed Dutt’s productions. The only other film that Patel ‘liked’ was Aar-Paar, besides Chaudhvin ka Chand and Sahib, Bibi aur Ghulam.

      Speaking of the latter, do you know where I could find the review of Sahib, Bibi aur Ghulam?


      1. Dear Ashish,

        Thanks for the feedback. Sidharth Bhatia has come out with a book – The Patels of Filmindia where you can read more about Patel.
        Re: Guru Dutt, I don’t think it was a pleasant relationship. There’s also a bit of history – Dutt in the early 1940s was in love with Susheela Rani’s sister who died young. It is said aspects of Rehman’s character in Pyaasa are based on Patel and definitely, I have seen a photo of Patel, Rani and their two dogs which Dutt has used almost exactly for the portrayals of the caricaturish in-laws of the film director in Kaagaz Ke Phool.

  10. Delightful,what fun! Dont know about ‘ball bearings’,but this guy had the b—s.
    How did Guru Dutt survive this vampire of a critic I wonder?

  11. Satish,
    I really, really envy you. It must have been quite an experience meeting Baburao Patel. I know the feeling. I’m doing a project with a couple of fellow filmmaking colleagues on the golden age of Hindi cinema and have met many of the luminaries from that time. With each interview, one’s biggest regret is not being a filmmaker in the 1950s! And yes, have met Sushila Rani Patel too as part of this project. It was a very nice meeting.

  12. I think Baburao was a genius. I consider myselff so lucky to have personally spent time in his company from 1970 thru 1974. Now, whenever I visit Mumbai, I make it a point to call on Mrs. Sushilarani Patel. I still enjoy reading his old numbers of Mother India from cover to cover. I love to read his simple and beautifully written english and love it when he refers to Rajesh Khanna as ‘Gurkha Face’ and ‘the of rest of the cast are furniture’ in his movie reviews. He had a fascination for Nirupa Roy’s beautiful neck I think. Truly a great man.

  13. all that i wanted to say already expressed by the readers above -acerbic, brutally honest reviews, would have loved to riff through those magazines and heard his take on today’s fillums..etc.! but i still had to drop a line to say – thanks for the good writing and all the wonderful info you”ve so generously shared with us 🙂

  14. If someone at the Pune Film Institute is reading this, OR dear Punjab-da-puttar:

    PLEASE put the film archives on the web! I know it is a massive job, but only India can do this and what a treasure trove that would indeed be! I used to regularly read Mother India during the second half of the 60s when I was an undergraduate student in Chennai. His delightful, acerbic commentaries were a treat. I recall him as being particularly savage on Mrs. Gandhi.

  15. I happened to read Mother India as a teenager, since my father was a great fan of Baburao Patel. And I can assure you, his comments on politicians were just as devastating.

    I had heard from my Dad then, what a great magazine FilmIndia used to be. Reading these reviews, I am not surprised. I never thought much of Navrang either, or the logic in the plot of CID. But I must say, the film-makers and actors had the strength of character to respect the criticism of their work. What a contrast to what we see today!

  16. Yaanai, the NFAI (National Film Archive of India), Pune has now put all the Filmindias on the computer. Extremely easy for research now. Yes, it’s such a treasure trove of information.

    Raktima, thanks for your post. But I don’t know about the strength of character or respect. From the people I met from that era, they seemed terrified of Mr Patel more than anything else in those days! 🙂

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